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billy the kid 2007 wikipedia

McCarty in turn called Cahill a "son of a bitch", whereupon Cahill threw McCarty to the floor and the two struggled for McCarty's revolver. "[110], In 2004, researchers sought to exhume the remains of Catherine Antrim, McCarty's mother, whose DNA would be tested and compared with that of the body buried in William Bonney's grave. McSween's supporters gathered inside his house; when Buck Powell and Deputy Sheriff Jack Long set fire to the building, the occupants began shooting. Despite the liberties it took with history, scholar and film editor Paul Seydor[65] described Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid as among the finest treatments of the legend in any medium. [88], McCarty, with his legs still shackled, broke into Garrett's office and took a loaded shotgun left behind by Olinger. "[130], In early October 2015, Kagin's, Inc., a numismatic authentication firm, said the image was authentic after a number of experts, including those associated with a recent National Geographic Channel program,[132][133] McCarty was orphaned at the age of 15. A year and four days after McCarty's death, the New Mexico territorial legislature passed a special act to grant Garrett the $500 bounty reward promised by Governor Wallace. [58][59] McCarty wrote to Governor Wallace on March 13, 1879, with an offer to provide information on the Chapman murder in exchange for amnesty. [96][99], A few hours after the shooting, a local justice of the peace assembled a coroner's jury of six people. [4] In the fifteen or so dime novels about his criminal career published between 1881 and 1906, the Kid was an outlaw antihero, customarily depicted as a badman with superior gunslinging skills, or even as a demonic agent of Satan who delighted in murder. [36] Publication of "The Saga", in spite of its dubious facts and fabricated events, subsequently led to a proliferation of other books, magazines and newspaper articles, and then to movies, about the life of Billy the Kid. On March 15, Governor Wallace replied, agreeing to a secret meeting to discuss the situation. Although both markers are behind iron fencing, a group of vandals entered the enclosure at night in June 2012 and tipped the stone over.[141]. Another posse member took Tunstall's gun and killed him with a shot to the back of his head. [95] Maxwell, son of land baron Lucien Maxwell, spoke with Garrett the same day for several hours. [30], McCarty stole a horse and fled Arizona Territory for New Mexico Territory,[31] but Apaches took the horse from him, leaving him to walk many miles to the nearest settlement. [101][102], Five days after McCarty's killing, Garrett traveled to Santa Fe, New Mexico, to collect the $500 reward offered by Governor Lew Wallace for his capture, dead or alive. Following the death of her husband Patrick, Catherine McCarty and her sons moved to Indianapolis, Indiana, where she met William Henry Harrison Antrim. McCarty asked to be taken outside to use the outhouse behind the courthouse; on their return to the jail, McCarty—who was walking ahead of Bell up the stairs to his cell—hid around a blind corner, slipped out of his handcuffs, and beat Bell with the loose end of the cuffs. "[69] According to other contemporary sources, McCarty had been warned Grant intended to kill him. [76] Pat Garrett continued his search for McCarty; on December 23, following the siege in which Bowdre was killed, Garrett and his posse captured McCarty along with Pickett, Rudabaugh, and Wilson at Stinking Springs. [37], Depictions of Billy the Kid in popular culture fluctuated between the poles of cold-blooded murderer without a heart and sentimental hero fighting for justice. [43] Following the commercial success of the first movie he directed for the Metro Goldwyn Mayer studio, The Big Parade (1925),[44] he was able to obtain backing for a Billy the Kid production when Irving Thalberg, an executive at MGM, took an interest in his proposal. In 1877, McCarty began to refer to himself as "William H. "[c] McCarty responded on the same day, agreeing to testify and confirming Wallace's proposal for his arrest and detention in a local jail to assure his safety. [51][52], McCarty and three other survivors of the Battle of Lincoln were near the Mescalero Indian Agency when the agency bookkeeper, Morris Bernstein, was murdered on August 5, 1878. In June 2011, the original plate was bought at auction for $2.3 million by businessman William Koch. A letter from an official of Saint Peter's Church in Manhattan states it is in possession of records showing McCarty was baptized there on September 28, 1859. [4], Billy the Kid and the Green Baize Vampire, Dick Brewer, Billy the Kid and the Regulators, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Billy_the_Kid_(film_series)&oldid=967432852, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 July 2020, at 06:47. The legend of Billy the Kid has acquired iconic status in American folklore, yet the outlaw himself, also known as William Bonney, had minimal impact on historical events in New Mexico Territory of the late 1800s. [22][23] The Kid spoke Spanish fluently and was well-liked by the Hispanos of the Pecos River Valley, who told many stories about el Chivato, their colloquial Spanish for a young goat or kid. Billy the Kid (nume la naștere Henry McCarty; n.23 noiembrie 1859 - d. 14 iulie 1881), cunoscut și ca William H. Bonney, a fost un tâlhar și infractor american din Vestul Sălbatic, care a omorât opt oameni până a fost împușcat și ucis la vârsta de 21 de ani.. S-a născut în cartierul irlandez din New York City [41], McCarty then joined the Lincoln County Regulators; on March 9 they captured Frank Baker and William Morton, both of whom were accused of killing Tunstall. William G. Ritch, the acting New Mexico governor, refused to pay the reward. During the following decades, legends grew that McCarty had survived, and a number of men claimed to be him. [36][37] Tunstall's murder ignited the conflict between the two factions that became known as the Lincoln County War. [46] At the McSween residence were McCarty, Florencio Chavez, Jose Chavez y Chavez, Jim French, Harvey Morris, Tom O'Folliard, and Yginio Salazar, among others. The film, directed for the most part by Howard Hawks (Hughes got the screen credit), was promoted in a publicity campaign with posters featuring Russell posing in dishabille and her cleavage prominently displayed. [105] The book, The Authentic Life of Billy, the Kid,[d] was first published in April 1882. [113] According to a July 2015 article in The Washington Post, the lab results were "useless. Billy refers to Dylan playing the role of Alias in Sam Peckinpah 's 1973 western Pat Garrett and Billy the Kid . Marshal Robert Widenmann, a friend of McCarty, and a detachment of soldiers captured Sheriff Brady's jail guards, put them behind bars, and released Bonney and Brewer. Brady and Deputy Sheriff George W. Hindman were killed. [138], In 1940, stone cutter James N. Warner of Salida, Colorado, made and donated to the cemetery a new marker for Bonney's grave. In 1920, he published a sympathetic biography, History of Billy the Kid, in which he described the daily life of a cowboy realistically, but romanticized his account of Bonney with fantasies and exaggerations—its title page claimed "His six years of daring outlawry has never been equalled in the annals of criminal history. It was passed down through Dedrick's family, and was copied several times, appearing in numerous publications during the 20th century. Consequently, he published his account of Bonney's life, The Authentic Life of Billy, the Kid, in 1882. [18][19] Ten days later, McCarty and George Schaefer robbed a Chinese laundry, stealing clothing and two pistols. McCarty and two other Regulators were later charged with killing three men, including Lincoln County Sheriff William J. Brady and one of his deputies. [84] According to legend, upon sentencing, the judge told McCarty he was going to hang until he was "dead, dead, dead"; McCarty's response was, "you can go to hell, hell, hell. [27] Between 1897 and 1909, during the Progressive era of political activism and reform, the popular American novelist Emerson Hough wrote magazine articles, novels and informal histories that reintroduced Billy the Kid to a national audience, albeit in works that often relied more on fantasy than on actual events. He became well-known in the region when he joined the Regulators and took part in the Lincoln County War of 1878. When it failed to fire, McCarty drew his own weapon and shot Grant in the head. [112] DNA samples from the remains were sent to a laboratory in Dallas and tested to compare Miller's DNA with blood samples obtained from floorboards in the old Lincoln County courthouse and a bench where McCarty's body allegedly was placed after he was shot. Henry McCarty was born to parents of Irish Catholic ancestry,[8] Catherine (née Devine) and Patrick McCarty, in New York City. McCarty waited at the upstairs window for Olinger to respond to the gunshot that killed Bell and called out to him, "Look up, old boy, and see what you get." The posse opened fire, killing O'Folliard; the rest of the outlaws escaped unharmed.[74][75]. Garrett shot and killed McCarty, by then age 21, in Fort Sumner on July 14, 1881. Kent Gibson, a forensic video and still image expert, offered the services of his facial recognition software, and stated that McCarty is indeed one of the individuals in the image. Tunstall and his business partner and lawyer Alexander McSween were opponents of an alliance formed by Irish-American businessmen Lawrence Murphy, James Dolan, and John Riley. [26][27], On August 17, 1877, McCarty was at a saloon in the village of Bonita when he got into an argument with Francis P. "Windy" Cahill, a blacksmith who reportedly had bullied McCarty and on more than one occasion called him a "pimp". McCarty escaped from the Lincoln County jail on June 17, 1879. [56][57] Although the movie was generally panned by movie critics,[54] it was rereleased twice over the course of the next decade, grossing more than $20 million[58] and solidifying the legend of Billy the Kid (although a distorted and unhistorical one) in the consciousness of the American filmgoing public. [113], In 2007,[115] author and amateur historian Gale Cooper filed a lawsuit against the Lincoln County Sheriff's Office under the state Inspection of Public Records Act to produce records of the results of the 2006 DNA tests and other forensic evidence collected in the Billy the Kid investigations. All four were indicted for the murder, despite conflicting evidence that Bernstein had been killed by Constable Atanacio Martinez. Lincoln Kirstein, co-founder with George Balanchine of the School of American Ballet, drew material from Burns' book to write the libretto for a ballet to be called Billy the Kid, performed by his new group, the Ballet Caravan. In a reply to Peppin, Dudley refused to intervene but later arrived in Lincoln with troops, turning the battle in favor of the Murphy-Dolan faction. [136][137], In 1931, Charles W. Foor, an unofficial tour guide at Fort Sumner Cemetery, campaigned to raise funds for a permanent marker for the graves of McCarty, O'Folliard, and Bowdre. During the encounter, one member of the posse shot Tunstall in the chest, knocking him off his horse.

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