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There is strong biological diversity, including intertidal vegetation like freshwater cattails and saltwater cordgrasses. The tunnel was the longest underwater tunnel in the world at the time, and used an advanced system to ventilate the tunnels and prevent the build-up of carbon monoxide. [10], Afterward, leaving the Hudson Highlands, the river enters Haverstraw Bay, the widest point of the river at 3.5 miles (5.6 km) wide. Fishing is allowed in the river, although the state Department of Health recommends eating no fish caught from the South Glens Falls Dam to the Federal Dam at Troy. In 1807, the North River Steamboat (later known as Clermont), became the first commercially successful steamboat. ", "New York State Museum – "Swim for the River, "The Hudson River National Historic Landmark District", "Designation of American Heritage Rivers", "Hudson River National Estuarine Research Reserve", "Jersey-bound train sideswipes cars in derailment at Selkirk yard", "North Bergen, NJ << View locations served", "Fullfilment of the Remarkable Prophecies Relating to the Development of Railroad Transportation", "Hudson River PCBs – Background and Site Information", United States Environmental Protection Agency, "Movement afoot to name bridge after Pete Seeger", "Hudson River Estuary Program: Cleaning the river: Improving water quality", "Hudson River Watershed Fish Fauna Check List", "Outdoors; Striped Bass and the Big City", "Fish Evolved to Survive GE Toxins in Hudson River", "As sea level rises, Hudson River wetlands may expand", "Frequently Asked Questions About Directions: Directions to Statue Cruises", "How a Hudson Highlands Mountain Shaped Tussles Over Energy and the Environment", "Protecting Hudson River headwaters in the High Peaks", "Hudson River & Tributaries Region Fish Advisories", "Hudson River: Health Advice on Eating Fish You Catch",, CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Mahican-language text, Pages using multiple image with auto scaled images, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 1 November 2020, at 04:21. Ellis Island, partially belonging to both the states of New Jersey and New York, is located just south of the river's mouth in New York Harbor. [40], The Dutch subsequently began to colonize the region, establishing the colony of New Netherland, including three major fur-trading outposts: New Amsterdam, Wiltwyck, and Fort Orange. [67], During the Industrial Revolution, the Hudson River became a major location for production, especially around Albany and Troy. [22]:11 The original Erie Canal, opened in 1825 to connect the Hudson with Lake Erie, emptied into the Hudson at the Albany Basin, just 3 miles (4.8 km) south of the Federal Dam in Troy (at mile 134). [52] Later that year, the British and Continental Armies were involved in skirmishes and battles in rivertowns of the Hudson in Westchester County, culminating in the Battle of White Plains. [105][106] In response to this contamination, activists protested in various ways. After its confluence with the Indian River, the Hudson forms the boundary between Essex and Hamilton counties. When you purchase our Nautical Charts App, you get all the great marine chart app features like fishing spots, along with HUDSON RIVER marine chart. The fjord is estimated to have formed between 26,000 and 13,300 years ago. Windows(tablet and phone)/PC based chartplotter, advanced features of a Marine Chartplotter, wind speed direction, water temperature, water depth, and accurate GPS with AIS receivers(using NMEA over TCP/UDP), CHAMPLAIN CANAL - HUDSON RIVER - BILLINGS ISLAND, HUDSON RIVER (Marine Chart : US14786_P1042). [96][97][98], The Hudson is crossed at numerous points by bridges, tunnels, and ferries. Shortly thereafter the river has its confluence with the Mohawk River, the largest tributary of the Hudson River, in Waterford. Was it Enough? [35], In 1939, the magazine Life described the river as "America's Rhine", comparing it to the 40-mile (64 km) stretch of the Rhine in Central and Western Europe. It takes in water from the Hoosic River, which extends into Massachusetts. In 2009, the High Line was opened in the Chelsea neighborhood of Manhattan. [80][81][82], The late 20th century saw a decline in industrial production in the Hudson Valley. [89], A 30-mile (48 km) stretch on the east bank of the Hudson has been designated the Hudson River Historic District, a National Historic Landmark. [3], The Hudson River is 315 miles (507 km) long, with depths of 30 feet (9.1 m) for the stretch south of the Federal Dam, dredged to maintain the river as a shipping route. These maps provide information about 91 public boat launch and shore fishing locations on the Hudson River between Troy and Yonkers. South of the outlet of Sanford Lake, the Opalescent River flows into the Hudson. The river then forms the boundary between Saratoga and Rensselaer counties. Oyster beds were also common on the river floor, which provided an extra source of nutrition. Estimates of the striped bass population in the Hudson range to nearly 100 million fish. [115] Other unusual fish found in the river include the northern pipefish, the lined seahorse, and the northern puffer. [19], The river was called Ca-ho-ha-ta-te-a ("the river")[26] by the Iroquois, and it was known as Muh-he-kun-ne-tuk ("river that flows two ways" or "waters that are never still"[27]) by the Mohican tribe who formerly inhabited both banks of the lower portion of the river. [6] Just south in Fort Edward, the river reaches its confluence with the Champlain Canal,[10] which historically provided boat traffic between New York City and Montreal and the rest of Eastern Canada via the Hudson, Lake Champlain and the Saint Lawrence Seaway. In this area, between Gee's Point at the US Military Academy and Constitution Island, an area known as "World's End" marks the deepest part of the Hudson, at 202 feet (62 m). Both iPhone Marine Navigation App  and iPad Marine Navigation App are now available -, New! The completion of the canal made New York City one of the most vital ports in the nation, surpassing the Port of Philadelphia and ports in Massachusetts. This varies with season, weather, variation of water circulation, and other factors; snowmelt at winter's end increases the freshwater flow downstream. The canal was built to link the Midwest to the Port of New York, a significant seaport during that time, by way of the Great Lakes, the canal, the Mohawk River, and the Hudson River. Spent Years Cleaning up the Hudson. [50] As a result, numerous battles were fought along the river and in nearby waterways. The lower Hudson is actually a tidal estuary, with tidal influence extending as far as the Federal Dam in Troy. During the eighteenth century, the river valley and its inhabitants were the subject and inspiration of Washington Irving, the first internationally acclaimed American author. [5], The longest source of the Hudson River as shown on the most detailed USGS maps is the "Opalescent River" on the west slopes of Little Marcy Mountain,[11][12] originating two miles north of Lake Tear of the Clouds,[12][13] several miles, past the Flowed Lands, to the Hudson River. In 1927, the Holland Tunnel opened between New Jersey and Lower Manhattan. The New Tappan Zee Bridge between Westchester and Rockland counties has a pedestrian and bicycling path covering a distance of about 3.6 miles. It had previously been observed by Italian explorer Giovanni da Verrazzano sailing for King Francis I of France in 1524, as he became the first European known to have entered the Upper New York Bay, but he considered the river to be an estuary. Hudson River. It then meets its confluence with Schodack Creek, widening considerably at this point. Terms Of Service -   - Blog - Marine Leader Board. [19], Species include striped bass, the most important game fish in the Hudson. Around New York Harbor, sediment also flows into the estuary from the ocean when the current is flowing north. The Delaware Tribe of Indians (Bartlesville, Oklahoma) considers the closely related Mohicans to be a part of the Lenape people,[28] and so the Lenape also claim the Hudson as part of their ancestral territory, also calling it Muhheakantuck. The Statue of Liberty, located on Liberty Island, is located a bit further south of there. The entire Hudson was once far more populated with native suspension-feeding bivalves. Positively, the mussel clears suspended particles, allowing for more light to aquatic vegetation. Other settlements were located in various locations throughout the Hudson Highlands. [18] The new Tappan Zee Bridge is the longest in New York, although the Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge has a larger main span. It is believed that the first use of the name Hudson River in a map was in a map created by the cartographer John Carwitham in 1740. [103], The Hudson River's sediments contain a significant array of pollutants, accumulated over decades from industrial waste discharges, sewage treatment plants, and urban runoff. Numerous places have been constructed along the Hudson that have since become landmarks. All rights reserved. It carried passengers between New York City and Albany along the Hudson River. [39] In 1598, Dutch men employed by the Greenland Company wintered in New York Bay. Free topographic maps visualization and sharing. Further south, the river forms the boundary between Warren and Saratoga Counties. [45][46] The plan allowed the colonies to treaty with the Iroquois and provided a framework for the Continental Congress. [53], Also in late 1776, New England militias fortified the river's choke point known as the Hudson Highlands, which included building Fort Clinton and Fort Montgomery on either side of the Hudson and a metal chain between the two. There are about two high tides and two low tides per day. [94], Along the east side of the river runs the Metro-North Railroad's Hudson Line, from Manhattan to Poughkeepsie. American shad are the only finfish harvested for profit, though in limited numbers. The railroad was also used for commuting to New York City. The Marine Navigation App provides advanced features of a Marine Chartplotter including adjusting water level offset and custom depth shading. This canal enabled the transportation of coal, and later other goods as well, between the Delaware and Hudson River watersheds. [38], The lower Hudson River was inhabited by the Lenape,[38] while further north, the Wappingers lived from Manhattan Island up to Poughkeepsie. Another pedestrian and bike path exists further north, between Dutchess and Ulster Counties: Walkway Over the Hudson, which has a one-way length of 1.2 miles. The expansion of the wetlands are expected to provide more habitat to the fish and birds of the region. Here the river has an elevation of 200 feet (61 m). The river is maintained to have a minimum depth of 30 feet to be used as a shipping channel. It next goes through Hudson Falls. [83] In 1996, the North Tarrytown GM Plant closed. 2 = Transmits from Equinox Mountain in Manchester, Vermont. Its outflow continues through the Narrows between Brooklyn and Staten Island, under the Verrazzano Bridge, and into Lower New York Bay and the Atlantic Ocean. South of the Battery, the river proper ends, meeting the East River to form Upper New York Bay, also known as New York Harbor. Shortly thereafter, the river leaves the Adirondack Park, flows under Interstate 87, and through Glens Falls, just south of Lake George although receiving no streamflow from the lake. Click on the map to display elevation. [19], The Hudson River estuary is the site of wetlands from New York City all the way up to Troy. [30] Another early name for the Hudson used by the Dutch was Rio de Montaigne. The River links to the Erie Canal and Great Lakes, allowing manufacturing in the Midwest, including automobiles in Detroit, to use the river for transport.

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