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 St. Elmo's fire arises when a sharp conductor, such as a ship's mast, amplifies the atmospheric electric field to breakdown. Experiments in 2007 involved shocking silicon wafers with electricity, which vaporizes the silicon and induces oxidation in the vapors. According to this underlying assumption, the core is surrounded by a thin electron layer with a charge nearly equal in magnitude to that of the core. His engraver was knocked unconscious. While some experiments have produced effects that are visually similar to reports of natural ball lightning, it has not yet been determined whether there is any relation. The visibility of the ball lightning can be associated with electroluminescence, a direct result of the triboelectric effect from materials within the area of the reaction. At least one study has theorized that about half of all ball lightning sightings are hallucinations caused by the magnetic fields during storms. It's sometimes accompanied by a hissing sound and an acrid odor. This strengthens the possibility of lightning-induced seizure in the occipital lobe of a person close to a lightning strike, establishing the connection between epileptic hallucination mimicking ball lightning and thunderstorms.  The possibility of the existence of a ball lightning with a composite core was also discussed in this model.. The ball appeared just after a lightning strike and traveled horizontally for about 10 meters (33 feet). Several other hypotheses have been proposed to explain ball lightning: Great Thunderstorm of Widecombe-in-the-Moor, Direct measurements of natural ball lightning, This may be an incorrect translation of the word "blixtlokaliseringssystem" from the university article cited in the sources. My heart froze, I glanced at my grandfather – his face was completely calm.  These oscillations were described in both classical and quantum approaches. As the microwaves ionize the surrounding air, their associated pressure may then evacuate the resulting plasma to form a bubble that "stably traps the radiation".  Another study analyzed reports of 10,000 cases.. By this explosion the main top-mast was shattered into pieces and the main mast went down to the keel. This page was last edited on 28 November 2020, at 10:15. EDITOR'S NOTE: Along with his son, Paul, and storm chaser Carl Youngâhis longtime collaboratorsâNational Geographic explorer and storm chaser Tim Samaras died in a tornado in El Reno, Oklahoma, on May 31, 2013. He was sheltered in a small cottage when he, in his own words, ...noticed, with what I can only describe as calm amazement, that a dazzling globe of electric fire, apparently between six and twelve inches [15 and 30 cm] in diameter, was stationary about six inches [15 cm] below and to the right of my right knee. Powell measured their spectra, and found that the after-glow comes mostly from metastable NO ions, which are long-lived at low temperatures. , Descriptions of ball lightning vary widely. The ball lightning has the same rotational axis as the rotating cylinder. A third man was killed by contact with the third ball. They are separate and distinct phenomena.. One of the first recorded sightings of ball lightning occurred in 1638, when a "great ball of fire" came through the window of an English church.  Rydberg matter is a condensed form of highly excited atoms in many aspects similar to electron-hole droplets in semiconductors. Its appearance has also been linked to power lines, altitudes of 300 m (1,000 feet) and higher, and during thunderstorms and calm weather. Spherical plasma membrane electrons preventing them from falling into the final spherical stage obstructed, and from that I... No more fear of storms. [ 57 ] I had no more fear of storms. [ 45.! 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