what is redemption of debentures
The Companies Act, 1956 does not lay down any stringent guidelines or conditions for the redemption of debentures. (Inter.) Redeemable Debentures also offer the facility of conversion into a new type of debenture or an equity share of the concerned company. In other words, it is the process of repaying the principal amount to debenture holders. Show your calculations in respect of the number of equity shares to be allotted and the cash payment necessary. Copyright 9. It is a noteworthy transaction for most companies as the amount required for redemption is quite substantial. Redemption through the purchase of the debenture on the market. Here, as per the companies act, ABC Pvt Ltd. needs to assemble 25% of Rs. This method is considered similar to the redeeming process of a term loan. Convertible Debentures 4. Regardless, before proceeding with the redemption of debentures, both investors and issuers must weigh in the pros and cons of redeeming them in the prevailing market condition. The debentures can be issued by the company under the meeting of board of directors under the provisions of Section 179 (3) of the Companies Act, 2013. These debentures are redeemable at par after 3 years Interest is payable annually. Let us learn more about the various methods of redemption of debentures and their accounting treatments.  Provisions relating to creation of Debenture Redemption Reserve stand changed , (2016), http://indiacp.blogspot.in/2014/05/Companies-Share-Capital-and-Debentures-Rules-2014.html (last visited Apr 18, 2017). Write relevant journal entries for all transactions arising out of the above during the year ended 31st March, 2012 (including cash and bank entries). Most often, it is as redemption from the capital, where the issuer pays a lump sum amount on the maturity of the debt. This is required to be done within the 30th of April of the maturity year. (ii) On 1st January, 2007 the company redeemed at par debentures for Rs 3,00,000 by draw of a, (iii) On 1st January, 2008, the company purchased debentures of the face value of Rs 2,00,000 for Rs 1,97,800 in the open market, held them as investments for one year and then cancelled. In this article we will discuss about the Redemption of Debentures:- 1. On 31st May, 2012 the company buys in the open market 100 of its 12% Debentures paying a total sum of Rs 9,900 to the seller. It will save them from the hassle of being subject to administrative documentation. Payment in lump sum. It also had a balance of Rs 80,000 in Sinking Fund Account represented by 10% investments (Face value, Rs 1,00,000) On 31.12.2011 it sold investments of the face value of Rs 20,000 @ Rs 90 cum-interest and with the proceeds purchased own debentures of the face value of Rs 20,000 for immediate cancellation. In this case, companies and firms are willing to purchase their debentures on the market. The total liability is divided by the number of investment years, and the outcome is paid off each year. Plagiarism Prevention 5.  Under the rule (1) of Companies (Share Capital and Debentures) Rules, 2014, it has been stated that the company cannot issue secured debentures unless following conditions are fulfilled. So, redemption of debentures purely out of capital profits is only academic not practical. Ignore creation of debenture redemption reserve.[C.A. The interest received on investments is also invested. c. Redemption Through the Purchase of the Debenture on the Market. Notably, the approach behind redemption of debentures can be understood by glancing at these following pointers –, Various companies may opt for different methods of redemption of debentures. What are the Various Methods of Redemption of Debentures? Introduction to Redemption of Debentures 2. Resultantly, businesses build a robust provision out of their gains and accumulate capital for reclaiming debentures. The various methods of Redeeming Debentures are payment in lump-sum, payment in instalments, conversion of debentures and purchase of debentures in the market. Out of profits: if a company retains a part of divisible profits every year and utilises it for the purpose of redemption of debentures. The debentures can be issued by the company under the meeting of board of directors under the provisions of Section 179 (3) of the Companies Act, 2013. On 1st April, 2006, Old Guards Limited issued 12% Debentures for Rs 5,00,000 at par redeemable at a premium of 2% after four years on 31st March, 2010. On 30th November, 2011, the company purchased 1,500 debentures at Rs 97.50 and on 31st December, 2011, it cancelled 600 debentures purchased in 2010-11 and still lying with it. When debentures are redeemed, liability on account of debentures is discharged. Illustration 2: On Jan. 1, 2005, Kapil Agro Limited issued 2,000 11% Debentures of Rs. Introduction to Redemption of Debentures: Debentures are invariably redeemable. On 30th June, 2011, the company sold one half of the debentures purchased on 28th February, 2011 at Rs 104 cum-interest. Report a Violation 10. Profit or loss on cancellation will be calculated by comparing the purchase price of debentures cancelled with this face value plus the premium payable on redemption according to the terms of the issue. © 2020, Arinjay Academy. Ltd. had 12% Debentures of Rs 2,00,000 outstanding in its books as on 1.4.2011. We also offer online tutoring and live classes on Science subjects as well. Editorial members at Law Times Journal is a team of writers led by Vedanta Yadav. The various methods of Redeeming Debentures are payment in lump-sum, payment in instalments, conversion of debentures and purchase of debentures in the market. By the terms of issue, the debentures may be redeemable at a premium and the company may, at the time of allotment of debentures, credit Premium on Redemption of Debentures Account with the amount of the premium payable at the time of debentures. = 2,750 Entry for amount due to Debentureholders on conversion of 5,000 15 % Debentures will be: Really very helpful and Luv the way it is explain ❤❤❤❤❤. It is always easy to arrange smaller fund every year than arranging a lot of funds at a particular point of time for payment to debenture holders. This particular method is directed towards convertible debentures. (Inter) Nov. 1988, Modified]. d. Redemption Through the Conversion of Debentures. The word 'debenture' translates to a written instrument as debt. After the funds are repaid, the liability on the debenture account is discharged. What is the jurisdiction of an arbitral tribunal?  The debenture redemption reserve should be created out of the profits of the company available for the payment of dividend. (iv) If debentures are redeemed in installments, as and when debentures are redeemed, the face value of debentures redeemed (plus premium payable, if any, on redemption according to the terms of the issue) should be transferred from Sinking Fund to General Reserve. Required fields are marked *. Before redemption starts, there must be a balance of at least 50% of the amount of debentures issued in the Debenture Redemption Reserve. If there is a case of convertible debentures then the debenture redemption reserve shall be created in respect of non convertible portion of debentures. 3. Methods of Redemption of Debentures | Accounts Class 12, Unit Number 319, Vipul Trade Centre, Sohna Road, Gurgaon, Sector 49, Gurugram, Haryana 122018, India, Monday – Friday (9:00 a.m. – 6:00 p.m. PST) Saturday, Sunday (Closed). Terms of Service 7. At Vedantu we offer study materials of various other subjects of Class 11 and 12 Commerce. Debentures may be redeemed in one of the following three ways: All the debentures may be redeemed in one lot at the end of a specified period of time or even before the expiry of the specified period of time by serving a notice to debenture-holders.
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